Toy breeds are generally a very healthy, hardy, and long lived breed. Often, Toy Breeds live 15 or 16 years. However, There are certain problems that may be encountered.
The most commonly occurring problems involve the teeth which if not scrupulously cared for and maintained through frequent cleaning, can fall out at a relatively early age, possibly causing heart problems.
Endocrine Dermatitis: Less common, and is sometimes referred to as black skin disease. This condition affects a number of different breeds, and while it involves some (usually temporary) coat loss, it is more of and aesthetic than a health related condition.
Luxating Patellas: Another more common problem in most toy breeds involves the knees. Although common, it is generally not a problem, that frequently requires surgical intervention.
Collapsing Tracheas: Another common problem found in pomeranians. If your pom makes a honking noise or sounds like he/she is coughing up a hair ball, the problem may be his trachea. It can be diagnosed with an X-ray and usually medication is prescribed to reduce coughing.
Hypoglycemia, Low blood sugar, Is a disorder that occurs mainly in small breed puppies between six and twelve weeks of age. It is often precipitated by stress and can occur without warning. It might appear after the puppy has gone to a new home, missed a meal, chills, becomes exhausted from playing, has been over handled, or has a digestive upset. These upsets place and added strain on its energy reserve and bring on the symptoms.
Hypoglycemia is a real threat to these tiny puppies, watch for your puppy to become tired or droopy. The first sighs are those of listlessness and depression. They are followed by muscular weakness, tremors, and later convulsions, coma and even death. The puppy may be found in a coma.
If your puppy has any symptoms of hypoglycemia you must act fast. If the puppy is awake, give it nutrical, nutri-stat or karo syrup by mouth. You should see sighs of improvement in thirty minutes, if no improvement , then call your veterinarian at once.
Prevent hypoglycemia from happening by allowing the puppy to get enough sleep, do not allow the puppy to be overtired or over handled at first. Supervise closely with children to make sure the puppy is getting enough rest. Keep puppy warm, don't let it become chilled. Your puppy is a house dog and should not be living outdoors.
Prevent attacks by feeding a high quality diet. See that the puppy is eating often. just because the food is there doesn't mean he/she is eating it. Keep dry food and water available at all times.
Thing you should no: Any Pom owner should all ways have Nutri-stat/cal or Karo syrup on hand in case any of these symptoms occur. (Nutri-stat/cal can be found at Pet-smarts)